220 volts and 110 volts are the electrical voltages that belong to the Alternating current (AC).
“Alternating current is an electrical current and voltage that changes its direction, polarity and magnitude with time continuously.”
It is the opposite of a Direct current (DC) that flows only in one direction periodically. AC alternates at a very high frequency than the frequency of power transmission.
What is 220 volt?
220 volt is a general electrical voltage. It has more power supply than any power transmitter. It consists of two wires that combine with each other. These combined wires produce a double amount of current or voltage to the 220-volt outlet.
220-volt outlets are basically electric plugs that are most powerful. Such plugs have wide applications in household appliances that require a heavy power supply. These appliances include
- Kitchen appliances such as refrigerator
- Cooking appliances such as the microwave oven and the electrical stoves
- Washing machines and dryers
People of the United States usually use 220-volt outlet to run high powered appliances.
What is 110 volt?
110 volt is such a type of electrical voltage that has less power supply. It consists of a breaker that associates with a circuit to provide a continuous supply of current.
The 110 volts is considered a normal voltage. A 110-volt outlet is a common form that we use in our homes.
Sometimes we call 110 volts 120 outlets, but there are some variations in both volts. This variation maybe
. Size of the breaker joined to the circuit
. A variable current that is 15 Amp and 20 Amp
It means we can get the power supply between 110 volts to 120 volts as the variations are very few.
110 volt is a low and safe voltage with wide application in daily life electric appliances and devices. Low power can cause serious problems in any hazardous condition. These dangerous conditions include cutting of wire, sparking of plug and any other damage to the electric circuit.
Those appliances or devices that run on 110 volts are as follows
- Laptop and mobile chargers
- Iron or press
- Bulbs and tube lights etc.
Mostly, utility companies also give priority to low voltage power supply. The reason is its safer use and resistance against high electrical accidents.
After a detailed introduction, we will tell you about splitting 220 volts to 110 volts.
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How can you split 220 volts into 110 volts?
Splitting of 220 volts to 110 volts simply means “conversion of 220 volts to 110 volts”.
There are many methods for splitting 220 volts to 110 volts. Some important methods are as follows:
- By series diodes
- By Triac circuit
- By capacitive power supply
- By autotransformer
Now we are going to discuss the above methods.
By series diodes:
The diodes are joined with each other in a series. It provides a continuous voltage supply across this diode series. In this method, the circuit’s input is 220 volts Ac, but the output is 110 volt DC.
This method does not apply to all equipment. The equipment that involves AC/DC conversion can use this method easily.
You should know that a normal diode drops the 0.7 volts within it. So when many diodes are connected in series, there is a high drop of voltage. In this way, you can drop 220 volts input to the 110 volts output.
By Triac circuit:
This is a secure method to split 220 volts into 110 volts. The trial circuit follows the principle of a light dimmer switch.
According to this principle,
“The modern resistors work by switching the light circuit on and off quickly. In this way, the total amount of current passing through the circuit is lowered. The switching on-and-off cycle functions by alternating current (AC) fluctuations.”
So in this method, the resistors chop the input 220 volts to the 110 volts output.
By capacitive power supply:
It is a relatively convenient method for splitting high voltage to low power voltage. You can use it when you intend to convert 220 volts to 110 volts.
The capacitive power supply functions through a crowbar circuit. The crowbar circuit is an electric circuit that resists overvoltage conditions. It prevents high power supply from damaging the circuit.
When you supply 220 volts as an input, it shunts extra voltage to the ground giving 110 volts.
This is the secure and most convenient way among all methods of voltage conversion. It involves the phenomenon of magnetic induction.
In magnetic induction, electromotive forces produce in an electrical conductor when the electric conductor faces a changing magnetic field.
The core of the transformer is designed so that it may undergo the desires conversion when you place this core in any gadget. So it can handle covert 220 volts to 110 volts too.
Importance of splitting 220 volts to 110 volts:
As you know, 220 volts is a high power supply, and 110 volt is a low power supply. 220 voltage run appliances that give more electricity bill. So people want to run to high voltage appliances at a low cost.
To save money, it becomes necessary to split 220 volts into 110 volts.
In this world of technology, the use of electricity is an advanced and useful approach. People use many electrical devices in homes. They pay charges for electricity use. The conversion of voltages reduces their electricity charges. That’s why we provided different methods to undergo the voltage conversion from 220 volts to 110 volts.